A natural paradox

Depending on your location, you can argue that the castles along the Mulde Rivers are high up on hills or in the middle of flat land. The Freiberg Mulde and the Zwickauer Mulde which unite at Sermuth both come from the Ore Mountains but mainly pass through the lowlands of Saxony. There, the rivers have deeply indented the landscape. At the times when travelling was only possible on waterways, the castles sitting on top of the slopes of the valley had a commanding position. And an amazing number of castles were built to control these rivers. Around these castles, quaint little towns came into existence. So along the Mulde Rivers, which have never been canalized, nature and culture complement each other perfectly.

Germany’s most famous POW camp

The nephews of Winston Churchill and King George VI were not seriously impressed by the beautiful Renaissance architecture of Colditz castle, one of the many castles in the Mulde River Valley. Like other military personnel, especially British, Dutch, French and Polish, they wanted only one thing while they were there during World War II: to escape from the officers’ prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C. The approximately 300 documented attempts to break out, some incredibly creative and few successful, are now legends in military history. Today the “Escape Museum” commemorates the daring attempts of the men in uniform and attracts thousands of visitors annually.